In today's time, there are numerous programming languages that are becoming more general and all purpose. However, these languages have their own specialties, and each and every language has its own advantages and disadvantages as well. Normally, the programming languages can be classified into a few main types but these languages support multiple programming style. Every passing year, there are a number of programming languages which are implemented although only a few languages are become popular. Even few of those popular ones may used by a professional programmer in their career.
Programming languages are basically used to control the performance of a computer or machine and at present, computer programmers have many choices to choose among so many different languages. However, there are a number of differences between those programming languages and so, this article gives a brief information regarding the different types of programming languages, the differences between programming languages as well as the types of programming languages in useful ways. But first, let us know what exactly is a programming language in detail.
WHAT IS PROGRAMMING LANGUAGE?
A programming language is basically a notation which is designed to connect instructions to a computer or a machine. Programming languages are commonly used to control the performance of a machine as well as to express algorithms. In the current times, thousands of programming languages have been implemented. In the computer field, a number of languages need to be stated in an imperative form. On the other hand, all the other programming languages utilize a declarative form. The program can be divided into two forms that is syntax and semantics. Some languages are wholly defined by an SO standard such as C language. Now let us look at different types of programming languages and study about the popular ones in detail.
TYPES OF PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Functional Programming Language
Functional programming language typically uses stored data and it generally tends to avoid any loops that are in favor of recursive functions. This functional programing’s main focus is on the return values of the functions, as well as the side effects and different suggestions of which storing state are powerfully discouraged. For instance, in an exceedingly pure useful language, if a function is termed then it is anticipated that the function will not modify or perform any o/p. But rather, it may build algorithmic calls and alter the parameters of these calls altogether. Functional languages are generally easier and build it easier to figure on the abstract issues but they will even be further from the machine. Their programming model makes it really difficult to know precisely but the code is very well decoded into the machine language. Though it is often problematic for system programming, it does it however.
Procedural Programming Language
The procedural programming language is most commonly used in order to execute a sequence of statements that lead to a result. Generally, this type of programming language uses different variables, heavy loops as well as other elements. All of it separates them from the functional programming languages. Functions of procedural language includes controlling the variables, other than function’s value returns and one example can be printing out information.
Scripting Programming Language
Scripting programming language is often procedural and it sometimes comprises of the object-oriented language elements. However, they fall into their own category because of the fact that they are normally not full-fledged programming languages with support for development of the large systems. For instance, they may not have compile time type checking and so, usually, these languages require tiny syntax to get started with.
Object-oriented Programming Language
This programming language basically views the world as a group of objects which have internal data as well as external accessing parts of that data. The primary aim of this particular programming language is to think about all the faults by separating it into a collection of objects which offer services that can be used to solve a problem. One of the main principles of the object oriented programming language is the encapsulation that everything an object needs to be inside of the object.
LIST OF DIFFERENT PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES
Here is a list of the most popular and widely used different programming languages:
The C language is a basic programming language which is like super popular language all across the world. It is particularly used in game programming and the reason is that C language includes the additional packing of the C++. Each and every programmer uses this language at some point of time because it makes programs really faster. However the value of C language gives the reusability of C++ in order to get a slight increase in performance with the C language.
The C++ language is a very popular language which has an object oriented structure and it is used in large projects. Programmers can easily collaborate one program into different other parts. Also, one individual can work on each part of the program and it would work wonders. The structure of the object oriented also permits the code to be reused as many times as you want. This language is a really efficient language although many programmers will disagree to this.
We are sure you have heard of this language even though you don't belong to a field of computer and technology. Java language is basically a multi platform language that is particularly helpful in networking activities. Needless to say, mostly this language is used on the web with Java applets but this language is also used to design cross platform programs. This is because it is similar to C++ in structure and syntax. For C++ programmers, Java language is really very easy to learn and comprehend. This language offers some really cool. advantages provided by object oriented programming. One of them is reusability as it can be difficult to write efficient code in Java. However, nowadays the speed of the Java language has significantly increased and 1.5 version of Java offers some stunning features for easy program making.
Perl language is a file management language for UNIX but is known more for its common gateway interface programming which is also known as CGI. CGI is basically a term for the programs which web servers can perform to allow all the additional capabilities of the web pages. Pearl language is a way for searching text and it is quite often used for useful server functions and other databases. This language is very easy to pick up the fundamentals provided that you have some kind of experience in any language. As a CGI language, web hosting services select Perl language over the language of C++ because of the fact that the web hosts can review Perl script files.
The PHP language is a highly preferred language that is used to design web pages. Sometimes it is also used as scripting language but this language is mainly designed to develop a rapid website. As a result, PHP language comprises features that make it easy to generate HTTP headers as well as link to databases. As a scripting language, it consists of a set of components permit for the programmer to easily get up to speed. But it has more sophisticated object oriented features which are beneficial.
Pascal language is more of a teaching language and few industries use this language to write their programs. Pascal language tends to use keywords instead of symbols and braces in C language and this is the main reason why this language is really very easy for beginners to comprehend than a programming language such as C and C++. Borland is a very popular compiler software company that uses Delphi programming language for industrial strength. Delphi is an object oriented language of Pascal and currently, Borland compilers only use it and no one else.
The scheme language is no less than an alternate of LISP language and it has a simpler syntax and features when compared to LISP. Any particular project under the scheme language will result in the re implementation but, this is very popular introductory language in the computer science department of the MIT’s. Scheme language easily solves all the problems instead of worrying about syntaxes of the programming language.
This was all about the types and different programming languages and the remaining languages such as Tcl, Python, Smalltalk, COBOL, C# and Prolog are quite similar to the above languages which are been mentioned. But selecting the suitable type of language for developing a program or application is very important and we hope that this article gave you insights and a brief idea as to which programming language you should select for your project. In case you need our help, feel free to get in touch as we have a bunch of top programmers would be more than happy to lend a helping hand to you.